densata), which is the state tree of South Dakota. Sugar Pine. This fast growing tree is one of the tallest North American spruces. Spruce trees can be distinguished from other evergreens by their draping branches and conical form. This is a list of U.S. state, federal district, and territory trees, including official trees of the following of the states, of the federal district, and of the territories Contents 1 Table Native Area: Southeast Canada and northeastern U.S. Norway Spruce. Its species name, omorika, is the Serbian word for spruce. But landscapers also value Ginkgo biloba (commonly called "maidenhair tree") for the exquisite fan-shape of its leaves.. Here are a few of the best shade trees in Michigan. This is an excellent choice for a specimen tree in your garden—the weeping form gives it a unique appeal. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. This upright, oval-shaped tree is extremely long-lived. Pine spruce or fir getting to know michigan pines the nature pine spruce or fir getting to know 13 most common north american pine species. This needled evergreen conifer species is native to Western Serbia, Eastern Bosnia, and Herzegovina. The Caucasian spruce can l… A shade tree is a quick-growing tree with a large canopy, offering excellent shade throughout the year. In southern Michigan, Black Spruce grows only in cool bogs. Red and eastern white pines can be found in the southern half where the forests change from northern hardwood type to old growth pine forests. Height: 2–4 feet; can achieve 8 feet over 30 years. To identify the white and black spruce trees, look for Michigan conifers with singular needles that don’t grow in bundles and have four sides to each needle. And now Michigan's spruce and pine trees are in decline. There are so many factors contributing to their decline that it has become nearly impossible to tease them apart. The black spruce does well in wet areas and is native to boreal forest or taiga regions. Gray Birch (Betula populifolia) or “Whitespire” trees have an unmistakable chalky white bark. From the majestic White Pine, state tree of Michigan to the shrub like Juniper. It is one of the primary hosts for the parasitic eastern dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium pusillum). It can survive in shades and droughts. It has needle-like gray-green leaves and cylindric cones. In nature, these trees are very large, with very dark green needles on gracefully weeping branches. List of pine trees native to Michigan. Pine Tree Types In Michigan. Norway Spruce or Picea abies is one of the fastest growing varieties of spruce trees. It is often farmed as a Christmas tree specimen and for wood pulp, but it is susceptible to acid rain and does not make a good landscape tree in urban areas. You have entered an incorrect email address! The common name refers to the dark needles this tree normally has. It is named for the reddish color of the bark. Fir trees are also distinguished by cones that stand upright on the branches like candles. Pine trees are evergreen coniferous trees that are native to most countries in the Northern Hemisphere. Pine trees belong to the family Pinaceae and the genus Pinus. It will be shorter in cultivation, but make sure there is plenty of room in your landscape, as "shorter" can mean that it is still over 100 feet tall. Others are trees that clump with multiple trunks. Pine (Pinus spp. One of the best types of trees to add to your Michigan property are shade trees. It has 1/2-inch needles that are shorter than most other spruces. You can also look at the shape of the branches, which will be bushy, full, and upturned if it's a spruce. You will need to consider soil type, soil pH, drainage, amount of light and moisture. Another very common spruce is the Norway spruce, or Picea abies. Tip: If you want an evergreen conifer on your patio, then grow this shrub in a container. Spruce trees are extremely versatile, with many uses. The species are listed in order of abundance, based on the number of trees (not volume), which does vary from county to county. With so much readily available to harvest, it is no wonder so much of the timber used to reconstruct Chicago after the great fire came from the forests of Michigan. Blue spruce trees are native to Colorado and the Rocky Mountains. The Norway spruce grows fast when young, slowing as it reaches around 60 feet tall. This shrub can work well in a container if you wish to have a small evergreen conifer on your patio—it is slow growing in the early years, achieving only 1 to 2 feet in the first 10 years. Information on Spruce Trees. The white spruce has smooth “branchlets” with foul-smelling needles, while the black spruce has hairy branchlets with pleasantly scented, shorter needles. Oak trees (Quercus spp.) It's a fungus that has been around for a long time. An artificial tree will lay in a landfill virtually forever." The Engelmann’s spruce name was derived from the name of botanist and physician George Engelmann. Even in the north, it prefers a damp habitat and often occurs with Tamarack (Larix laricina) and White Cedar (Thuja occidentalis). Spruce wood makes excellent construction lumber, and it has a resonant quality that makes it a favorite for musical instruments. Its leaves have a needle-like shape and a yellow-green color. Spruce trees and shrubs are classified in the genus Picea, which includes 35 species. Shrub dogwoods (Cornus spp.). North of Bay City, it will also grow in upland forests and interdunal swales. Bird’s Nest Spruce. This tree prefers cool wet winters and dry, warm summers, and can be difficult to grow unless it enjoys these conditions. Tip: If you want different types of spruce tree dwarf variety, then grow ‘Fat Albert,’ ‘Glauca Globosa,’ and ‘Glauca Jean’s Dilly.’. It is native to North America, and is found in growing zones 1 through 7. This site is for everyone who wishes to get to know these trees better. ), spruce (Picea spp. Additional needle characteristics (e.g., needle length, sharpness, flexibility, scent, and color) are needed … Michigan Department of Natural Resources – Resources Division . Threats to the forests are Birch bark disease, emerald ash borer (EAB), and hemlock wooly adelgid. Is slow-growing and looks ideal in pots placed on the branches like candles spruce that a... Joint-Like structure that allows extra flexibility and movement white, black spruce grows only in cool.... To California, height: 30–60 feet ( several much smaller cultivars are available.! Environment... 3 foliage touching the ground deep peat, sphagnum moss, and it has a pyramidal narrow... 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